Jargon Buster

Education is full of complicated jargon and abbreviations. Please find a list of some of the frequently used examples below.

Contextual syntax clues.
When reading, a child will use the context of the story/text and the sentence structure, to help them de-code unknown words.

Diagraphs
These can be described as ‘two letters, one sound’ such as ‘ch’ in ‘chop’ or ‘oa’ in ‘boat’.

EAL – English as an Additional Language.
Refers to children whose first language(s) is/are not English and who may not yet be speaking English fluently or even at all.

EHC Plan – Education, Health and Care Plans.
This is a legal document which sets out a description of a child’s needs who has Special Educational Needs or a disability. It used to be called a ‘Statement of Educational Need.’

EYFS – Early Years Foundation Stage.
A framework of care and education of children from birth to five years of age. (Our Reception class.)

EWO – Education Welfare Officer.
A person employed by the Local Authority to help parents and the Local Authority meet their statutory obligations in relation to school attendance.

FSMs – Free School Meals.
Pupils who are entitled to free school meals because the family are in receipt of specific benefits.

Genres.
A type of text e.g. diary writing, non-chronological reports, stories with a familiar setting.

G & T – Gifted and Talented.
A register of provision for pupils identified as being gifted or talented.

KS1 –Key Stage One.
Years 1 & 2.

KS2 – Key Stage Two.
Years 3, 4, 5 & 6.

LA – Local Authority.
Wansdyke comes under Wiltshire Council.

NC – National Curriculum.
A framework which sets out what pupils should be learning. Teachers plan and deliver lessons based on the National Curriculum.

MDSAs – Mid Day Supervisory Assistants.
Members of staff who have responsibility for lunchtime.

PE – Physical Education.
Refers to the teaching of physical education, including games, athletics, gymnastics, dance, swimming and outdoor adventurous activity.

Phonemes
These are the shortest unit of a sound in our language. It can be represented by one, two, three or even four letters. For example: ‘a’ or ‘oa’ or ‘igh’ or ‘ough’.

PPA – Planning, Preparation and Assessment.
Release time for teachers to complete the stated tasks.

PSHE – Personal, Social, Health Education.
Lessons that focus on the personal, social and health education of pupils.

RE – Religious Education.
The teaching of faiths and beliefs. Teaching focusses on Christianity, Judaism, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism and Sikhism.

Segment.
When letters (phonemes or diagraphs) are split up to help read the word. They are then blended back together.

SATs – Statutory Assessment Tests.
Assessments of pupils in reading, writing, maths and science carried out in Years 2 and 6. This is statutory and pupil results are submitted to the Local Authority.

TA – Teaching Assistant.
​Teaching Assistants work in the classroom under the direction of the class teacher to support pupils in their learning.